In the good old days, business owners believed that as long as they served their customers effectively and made sure that their stock maintained or increased its value, all was taken care of. However, it's now part of the norm that business owners not only have to please their customers and shareholders, but also be concerned with their stakeholders.
What are stakeholders? They include shareholders, of course, but they also include other individuals and entities that have a stake in the business — for economic, political and legal reasons. This can consist of customers, employees, managers, creditors, suppliers, government entities and agencies, the surrounding community, directors, not-for-profit organizations, neighboring businesses, unions, politicians, legislators, researchers, schools, police, industry associations, the media. The list can be long.
Generally, a stakeholder is an individual, group or organization with an interest in decisions or proposed actions of the business, such as those who:
Businesses and projects have multiple stakeholders, and these stakeholders often have conflicting interests and want competing outcomes.
When making business decisions, it can be disastrous to ignore stakeholders. Why?
Determining who your specific stakeholders are depends on your business, your industry and what you are trying to accomplish. Each business and project has different types of stakeholders. They can have a broad set of interests — or they may only be concerned about one project or a narrow aspect of a project. In order to identify stakeholders, you have to think beyond the obvious groups.
Some stakeholder groups are organized and have spokespeople who are able to represent their interests (for example, environmental advocates or rent control tenants). Other stakeholders may not be organized or represented by a vocal group (for example, a visitor to a national park or non-resident property owners). Some stakeholders may be vocal but unaffiliated with a representative group or organization (for example, a real estate owner whose property is next to yours).
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